Microprocessors

A microprocessor also referred to as a CPU, is a computer processor in the form of a single integrated circuit (IC). CPU stands for central processing unit and is the brains of a computer that gives out instruction for the computer program. Microprocessors essentially control most of the functions your computer can do, from browsing the web to writing a document. Therefore a microprocessor is an essential component in computing. A microprocessor IC is a semiconductor device that provides this functionality from a single chip. This is a traditional semiconductor package, such as a BGA or QFN package.

How does a Microprocessor work?

A microprocessor performs both arithmetic and logic operations. It takes a binary input from a device and processes the data based upon instructions that are stored with its memory. These instructions are saved using Cache memory.

What is Word Length?

Computers are driven by specific sets of instructions, the CPU carries these instructions out at great speeds. Data bus width is the rate at which a microprocessor can process data. Word length is the number of bits within the internal data bus. For example, a 32-bit microprocessor will be able to process data faster than an 8-bit microprocessor.

What is Clock Speed?

Clock speed is a value given in MHz or GHz. It refers to the speed that the microprocessor executes instructions.

Where are microprocessors used?

Microprocessors can be found in many applications which require embedded control. This includes:

  • Personal computers
  • Computer peripherals
  • Household appliances
  • Automotive

Microcontrollers are a type of microprocessor which contain the CPU, memory and other inputs and output.


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Description Price Family Name Device Core Data Bus Width Instruction Set Architecture Maximum Frequency I/O Voltage Fabrication Technology Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Typical Operating Supply Voltage Dimensions Height Length
RS Stock No. 625-8801
Mfr. Part No.Z8018008VSG
BrandZilog
MYR38.26
Each
units
Z180 Z80 8bit CISC 8MHz 5.0V - Surface Mount PLCC 68 5 V 24.33 x 24.33 x 3.91mm - -
RS Stock No. 177-7104
Mfr. Part No.Z8018008VSG
BrandZilog
MYR33.233
Each (In a Tube of 20)
units
Z180 Z80 8bit CISC 8MHz 5.0V - Surface Mount PLCC 68 5 V 24.33 x 24.33 x 3.91mm - -
RS Stock No. 187-9381
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK64MP103-I/M5
BrandMicrochip
MYR12.80
Each (In a Tube of 73)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V - Surface Mount UQFN 36 3 → 3.6 V 5 x 5 x 0.55mm - -
RS Stock No. 151-1493
Mfr. Part No.ATSAMA5D44A-CU
BrandMicrochip
MYR66.91
Each
units
- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
RS Stock No. 175-7219
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP506-I/MR
BrandMicrochip
MYR20.72
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
DsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount QFN 64 3 → 3.6 V 9 x 9 x 0.95mm - -
RS Stock No. 179-3960
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK256MP502-I/SS
BrandMicrochip
MYR15.813
Each (In a Tube of 47)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V CMOS Surface Mount SSOP 28 3.6 (Maximum) V 10.5 x 5.6 x 1.85mm - -
RS Stock No. 187-9382
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK64MP105-I/M4
BrandMicrochip
MYR13.69
Each (In a Tube of 61)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V - Surface Mount UQFN 48 3 → 3.6 V 6 x 6 x 0.55mm - -
RS Stock No. 175-7175
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP508-I/PT
BrandMicrochip
MYR21.571
Each (In a Tray of 119)
units
DsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount TQFP 80 3 → 3.6 V 12 x 12 x 1.05mm - -
RS Stock No. 546-7969
Mfr. Part No.HD64F7145F50-V
MYR139.06
Each
units
SuperH - 32bit RISC 40MHz - - Surface Mount MA BGA 144 3.3 V 20 x 20 x 1.4mm - -
RS Stock No. 546-7559
Mfr. Part No.HD6417709SF133B-V
MYR128.47
Each
units
SuperH - 32bit RISC 133MHz - - Surface Mount MA BGA 208 1.8 V, 3.3 V 28 x 28 x 1.4mm 1.4mm 28mm
RS Stock No. 175-7196
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP503-I/M5
BrandMicrochip
MYR18.25
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
DsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount UQFN 36 3 → 3.6 V 5 x 5 x 0.55mm - -
RS Stock No. 165-6445
Mfr. Part No.ATSAMA5D27C-D1G-CU
BrandMicrochip
MYR69.01
Each
units
SAMA5D2 ARM Cortex A5 32bit ARM 500MHz 1.65 → 3.6V - Surface Mount LFBGA 289 1.2 V, 1.35 V, 1.5 V, 1.8 V, 3.3 V 14 x 14 x 1.03mm - -
RS Stock No. 179-3991
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK256MP505-I/PT
BrandMicrochip
MYR20.10
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V CMOS Surface Mount TQFP 48 3.6 (Maximum) V 7 x 7 x 1.05mm - -
RS Stock No. 179-4003
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK256MP508-I/PT
BrandMicrochip
MYR20.235
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V CMOS Surface Mount TQFP 80 3.6 (Maximum) V 12 x 12 x 1.05mm - -
RS Stock No. 175-7180
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP502-I/SS
BrandMicrochip
MYR17.477
Each (In a Tube of 47)
units
DsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount SSOP 28 3 → 3.6 V 10.5 x 5.6 x 1.85mm - -
RS Stock No. 126-2520
Mfr. Part No.R7S910018CBG#AC0
MYR220.50
Each
units
RZ/T1 ARM Cortex R4F 32bit ARM Core Sight, Harvard 600MHz 3 → 3.6V - Surface Mount FBGA 320 3.3 V 17.2 x 17.2 x 1.85mm - -
RS Stock No. 146-3225
Mfr. Part No.ATSAMA5D44A-CU
BrandMicrochip
MYR53.728
Each (In a Tray of 84)
units
SAMA5D4 ARM Cortex A5 32bit ARM 12MHz 3.6V - Surface Mount TFBGA 361 3.3 V dc 16 x 16 x 0.83mm - -
RS Stock No. 175-7178
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP505-I/PT
BrandMicrochip
MYR20.101
Each (In a Tray of 250)
units
DsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount TQFP 48 3 → 3.6 V 7 x 7 x 1.05mm - -
RS Stock No. 179-3985
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK256MP502-I/2N
BrandMicrochip
MYR14.82
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V CMOS Surface Mount UQFN 28 3.6 (Maximum) V 6 x 6 x 0.5mm - -
RS Stock No. 179-3959
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK256MP502-I/2N
BrandMicrochip
MYR15.489
Each (In a Tube of 61)
units
DsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V CMOS Surface Mount UQFN 28 3.6 (Maximum) V 6 x 6 x 0.5mm - -