Potentiometers

What is a potentiometer?



A potentiometer is a variable resistor. Potentiometers enable you to regulate and change the current flowing through a circuit. Potentiometers can also be called pots or potmeters.



Potentiometers have two terminals that are fixed to a resistive element (the track). The resistive element is typically wirewound or made from carbon, cermet or conductive plastic. The third terminal is connected to the wiper, which is a sliding contact. As the wiper moves along the track, the resistance changes and the current flowing through the circuit changes.



Types of potentiometer



Rotary potentiometers are easily controlled by turning a spindle or a knob. Rotary potentiometers can be single turn or multiturn.



Slide potentiometers are also known as slider potentiometers or fader potentiometers. To use a slide potentiometer, it’s simply a case of sliding a fader along a straight track to change the resistance.



Trimmer potentiometers, sometimes called trimpots, are used to calibrate and fine-tune circuits and can be mounted straight onto a PCB (printed circuit board). Trimmer potentiometers are easy to adjust with a screwdriver.



String potentiometers (or string pots) take movement and transform it into an electrical signal.



Membrane potentiometers are completely flat. Membrane potentiometers change their resistance when pressure is applied to the membrane.



Do I need a potentiometer with a linear or logarithmic taper?



The taper you need for your potentiometer depends on the intended application.



For potentiometers with a linear taper, the resistance between one end of the track and the wiper varies at a constant rate. If you turn the potentiometer halfway or slide the fader halfway along the track, the resistance will be half of the total resistance. Linear taper potentiometers are typically used in applications such as light dimmer switches.



For logarithmic taper potentiometers, the resistance does not vary at a constant rate. The level of resistance moves exponentially up or down. A potentiometer that has been turned or moved halfway along its track, will not produce resistance that is half the total resistance. Logarithmic potentiometers are commonly used for audio applications.



What is the difference between a potentiometer and a rheostat?



The key difference is the number of terminals that each device has. Potentiometers have three terminals while rheostats only have two terminals.



Looking for peripherals for your potentiometer?



Potentiometer Knobs

Potentiometer Accessories

Potentiometer Mounting Nuts

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Description Price Maximum Resistance Potentiometer Type Number of Turns Number of Gangs Mounting Type Power Rating Shaft Diameter Electrical Taper Mounting Hole Diameter Element Material Termination Style Tolerance Series Shaft Length
RS Stock No. 173-0719
BrandRS PRO
MYR7.393
Each (In a Box of 50)
units
5kΩ - 1 - Panel Mount 1W 6.35 mm - - Wirewound Solder ±10% P25 25mm
RS Stock No. 170-5313
BrandRS PRO
MYR236.428
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
500Ω Linear 1 4 Panel Mount 1.5W 6.35 mm Linear - - Solder Lug ±10% CLR4000 -
RS Stock No. 842-7107
BrandRS PRO
MYR40.69
Each
units
2kΩ Rotary 1 1 Panel Mount 1W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder ±10% P25 25mm
RS Stock No. 842-7197
BrandRS PRO
MYR685.09
Each
units
5kΩ Linear - 1 Spring Return - - Linear - Conductive Plastic - ±20% WT22 -
RS Stock No. 173-0778
BrandRS PRO
MYR896.58
Each (In a Box of 5)
units
5kΩ Linear - - Spring Return - - Linear - Conductive Plastic - ±20% WT22 -
RS Stock No. 812-825
BrandRS PRO
MYR248.50
Each
units
2kΩ Rotary 1 4 Panel Mount 1.5W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±10% CLR4000 -
RS Stock No. 173-0722
BrandRS PRO
MYR8.011
Each (In a Box of 50)
units
2.5kΩ - 1 - Panel Mount 1W 6.35 mm - - Wirewound Solder ±10% P25 25mm
RS Stock No. 173-0732
BrandRS PRO
MYR7.782
Each (In a Box of 50)
units
25Ω - 1 - Panel Mount 1W 6 mm - - Wirewound Solder ±10% P25 25mm
RS Stock No. 842-7166
BrandRS PRO
MYR61.23
Each
units
5kΩ Rotary - 1 - 0.5W 5 mm Linear - Conductive Plastic Solder ±20% NP24HS -
RS Stock No. 173-0728
BrandRS PRO
MYR12.006
Each (In a Box of 50)
units
10Ω - 1 - Panel Mount 1W 6 mm - - Wirewound Solder ±10% P25 25mm
RS Stock No. 842-7052
BrandRS PRO
MYR25.55
Each
units
25kΩ Rotary 1 1 Panel Mount 1W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder ±10% P25 25mm
RS Stock No. 842-7138
BrandRS PRO
MYR47.49
Each
units
1kΩ Rotary - 1 Panel Mount 1W 6 mm Linear - Conductive Plastic Solder ±20% NP21 18mm
RS Stock No. 842-7217
BrandRS PRO
MYR955.78
Each
units
10kΩ Linear - 1 Spring Return - - Linear - Conductive Plastic - ±20% WT22 -
RS Stock No. 842-7144
BrandRS PRO
MYR56.98
Each
units
100Ω Rotary 1 1 Panel Mount 1W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder ±10% P25 25mm
RS Stock No. 842-7068
BrandRS PRO
MYR25.55
Each
units
25Ω Rotary 1 1 Panel Mount 1W 6 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder ±10% P25 25mm
RS Stock No. 842-7028
BrandRS PRO
MYR95.72
Each
units
2kΩ Rotary 1 1 Panel Mount 3W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder ±10% P40 68mm
RS Stock No. 173-0751
BrandRS PRO
MYR22.179
Each (In a Box of 50)
units
5kΩ Rotary - - - 0.5W 5 mm - - Conductive Plastic Solder ±20% NP24HS -
RS Stock No. 173-0780
BrandRS PRO
MYR1,000.022
Each (In a Box of 5)
units
10kΩ Linear - - Spring Return - - Linear - Conductive Plastic - ±20% WT22 -
RS Stock No. 842-7059
BrandRS PRO
MYR25.55
Each
units
25kΩ Rotary 1 1 Panel Mount 1W 6 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder ±10% P25 25mm
RS Stock No. 173-0757
BrandRS PRO
MYR24.944
Each (In a Box of 50)
units
1kΩ - 1 - Panel Mount 1W 6.35 mm - - Wirewound Solder ±10% P25 25mm
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