Micrometers

A micrometer (sometimes called micrometer screw gauge) is a precision measuring instrument, used to obtain very fine measurements and available in metric and imperial versions. They use a calibrated screw or thread (found internally on the spindle) for precise measurement of components in mechanical engineering and machining as well as most mechanical trades. They usually come in the form of callipers e.g. opposing ends joined by a frame. Learn how to calibrate and use micrometers correctly in our comprehensive micrometers guide.

What are Micrometers are composed of?

Here is a list of different components that make up a typical multimeter:

  • Frame - The C-shaped body that holds the anvil and barrel in constant relation to each other,
  • Anvil - The shiny part that the spindle moves toward, and that the sample rests against,
  • Sleeve/barrel/stock - The stationary round component with the linear scale on it, sometimes with vernier markings,
  • Locknut / lock-ring / thimble lock - The knurled component (or lever) that tightens to hold the spindle stationary,
  • Spindle - The shiny cylindrical component that the thimble causes to move toward the anvil,
  • Thimble - The component that turns by using a person’s thumb. Graduated markings,
  • Ratchet stop - Device on the end of the handle that limits applied pressure by slipping at a calibrated torque,
  • Screw.

How do they work?

The precision is determined by the thread pitch of the spindle. The spindle is a very accurately machined screw and the object to be measured is placed between the spindle and the anvil. The spindle is moved by turning the ratchet knob or thimble until the object to be measured is lightly touched by both the spindle and the anvil.

Types of Micrometers

  • Outside micrometer: most common type used to measure external dimensions such as the outside diameter of an object.
  • Inside micrometer; used to measure inside dimensions like the inside diameter of a hole or tube. There are two types: calliper-type and tubular and rod.
  • Depth micrometer: these are used to measure the depths of holes, slots and steps. They come with a variety of interchangeable rods of different lengths so that they can be used to measure a range of depths.

Advantages

  • Provide very accurate measurements and are considered one of the most accurate types of measuring device
  • Ratchet speeder helps to provide reliable measurements
  • Integrated scales, the sleeve scale and thimble scale are built into the tool, another measuring instrument such as a ruler or tape measure is not required
  • Durability and long-lasting and unlikely to need replacing or repairing

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Description Price Accuracy Resolution Imperial or Metric Micrometer Type SPC Data Output Data Processing Battery Operated Set Contents Metric-Imperial Conversion Maximum Measurement Minimum Measurement
RS Stock No. 796-0019
Mfr. Part No.7822
BrandMitutoyo
MYR308.42
Each
units
- - Metric Contact Point Set - - No Flat Point 10 mm, Flat Point 5 mm, Needle Point, Shell Type Point, Spherical Point - - -
RS Stock No. 486-8226
Mfr. Part No.293-334
BrandMitutoyo
MYR1,645.26
Each
units
±0.00005 in 0.00005 in Both External Yes Yes Yes Battery, Case, User Manual Yes 25mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 572-555
Mfr. Part No.DW933
BrandStarrett
MYR1,655.25
Each
units
±0.0004 in - Both Internal - - No Adjustment Tool, Measuring Rod, Micrometer Head - 304mm 50mm
RS Stock No. 353-3682
Mfr. Part No.293-676-20
BrandMitutoyo
MYR3,681.15
Each
units
±0.0001 in 0.00005 in Both External Yes Yes Yes Battery, Case, User Manual Yes 30mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 785-7866
BrandRS PRO
MYR164.74
Each
units
0.005 mm 0.01 mm Both Special - - No Adjustment Tools, Barrel, Sleeve - 6.5mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 785-7838
BrandRS PRO
MYR701.32
Each
units
0.005 mm 0.01 mm Metric Internal - - - Barrel, Fitted Case with Adjustment Tools, Micrometer, Sleeve, Spindle Locking Screw - 50mm 25mm
RS Stock No. 833-6423
Mfr. Part No.293-230-30
BrandMitutoyo
MYR2,161.76
Each
units
±1 μm 0.001 mm Metric External Yes - Yes - - 25mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 603-205
Mfr. Part No.DY160
BrandStarrett
MYR1,185.50
Each
units
±0.01 mm - Metric - - - - - - 150mm -
RS Stock No. 725-5709
BrandRS PRO
MYR166.28
Each
units
±0.001 in 0.0001 in Imperial External - - No Adjustment Tool, Case - 25mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 785-7875
BrandRS PRO
MYR196.09
Each
units
0.004 mm 0.0001 in, 0.01 mm Both Special - - No Adjustment Tools, Barrel, Sleeve - 13mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 705-1244
BrandRS PRO
MYR505.51
Each
units
0.004 mm 0.01 mm Metric Depth - - No - - 25mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 794-3522
Mfr. Part No.293-140-30
BrandMitutoyo
MYR1,951.23
Each
units
±1 μm 0.001 mm Metric Special Yes Yes Yes - - 25mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 572-072
Mfr. Part No.103-177
BrandMitutoyo
MYR401.30
Each
units
±0.0001 in 0.001 in Imperial External - - No Adjustment Tool, Case, User Manual - 25mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 725-5724
BrandRS PRO
MYR166.28
Each
units
±0.004 mm 0.01 mm Metric External - - No Adjustment Tool, Case - 25mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 785-7847
BrandRS PRO
MYR1,123.37
Each
units
- 0.01 mm Metric Internal - - No Barrel, Micrometer, Sleeve, Spindle Locking Knob, Storage Case - 250mm 50mm
RS Stock No. 833-6445
Mfr. Part No.293-831-30
BrandMitutoyo
MYR1,016.27
Each
units
±0.0001 in 0.001 mm Both External - - Yes - - 25mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 794-3525
Mfr. Part No.293-141
BrandMitutoyo
MYR2,410.71
Each
units
±1 μm 0.001 mm Metric Special Yes Yes Yes - - 50mm 25mm
RS Stock No. 572-101
Mfr. Part No.103-138
BrandMitutoyo
MYR600.47
Each
units
±0.002 mm 0.01 mm Metric External - - No Adjustment Tool, Case, Stand, User Manual - 50mm 25mm
RS Stock No. 725-5733
BrandRS PRO
MYR346.73
Each
units
±0.004 mm 0.01 mm Metric External - - No - - 25mm 0mm
RS Stock No. 157-1187
Mfr. Part No.DY094
BrandStarrett
MYR338.24
Each
units
±0.002 mm - Metric External - - No - - 25mm 0mm