Microprocessors

A microprocessor also referred to as a CPU, is a computer processor in the form of a single integrated circuit (IC). CPU stands for central processing unit and is the brains of a computer that gives out instruction for the computer program. Microprocessors essentially control most of the functions your computer can do, from browsing the web to writing a document. Therefore a microprocessor is an essential component in computing. A microprocessor IC is a semiconductor device that provides this functionality from a single chip. This is a traditional semiconductor package, such as a BGA or QFN package. You can learn more in our complete guide to microprocessors.

How does a Microprocessor work?

A microprocessor performs both arithmetic and logic operations. It takes a binary input from a device and processes the data based upon instructions that are stored with its memory. These instructions are saved using Cache memory.

What is Word Length?

Computers are driven by specific sets of instructions, the CPU carries these instructions out at great speeds. Data bus width is the rate at which a microprocessor can process data. Word length is the number of bits within the internal data bus. For example, a 32-bit microprocessor will be able to process data faster than an 8-bit microprocessor.

What is Clock Speed?

Clock speed is a value given in MHz or GHz. It refers to the speed that the microprocessor executes instructions.

Where are microprocessors used?

Microprocessors can be found in many applications which require embedded control. This includes:

  • Personal computers
  • Computer peripherals
  • Household appliances
  • Automotive

Microcontrollers are a type of microprocessor which contain the CPU, memory and other inputs and output.


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Description Price Family Name Device Core Data Bus Width Instruction Set Architecture Maximum Frequency I/O Voltage Fabrication Technology Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Typical Operating Supply Voltage Dimensions Height Length
RS Stock No. 177-7104
Mfr. Part No.Z8018008VSG
BrandZilog
MYR47.639
Each (In a Tube of 20)
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Z180 Z80 8bit CISC 8MHz 5.0V - Surface Mount PLCC 68 5 V 24.33 x 24.33 x 3.91mm - -
RS Stock No. 625-8801
Mfr. Part No.Z8018008VSG
BrandZilog
MYR54.12
Each
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Z180 Z80 8bit CISC 8MHz 5.0V - Surface Mount PLCC 68 5 V 24.33 x 24.33 x 3.91mm - -
RS Stock No. 546-7969
Mfr. Part No.HD64F7145F50-V
MYR159.95
Each
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SuperH - 32bit RISC 40MHz - - Surface Mount MA BGA 144 3.3 V 20 x 20 x 1.4mm - -
RS Stock No. 146-3225
Mfr. Part No.ATSAMA5D44A-CU
BrandMicrochip
MYR53.728
Each (In a Tray of 84)
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SAMA5D4 ARM Cortex A5 32bit ARM 12MHz 3.6V - Surface Mount TFBGA 361 3.3 V dc 16 x 16 x 0.83mm - -
RS Stock No. 187-9384
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK64MP102-I/2N
BrandMicrochip
MYR11.041
Each (In a Tube of 61)
units
dsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V - Surface Mount UQFN 28 3 → 3.6 V 6 x 6 x 0.5mm - -
RS Stock No. 175-7216
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP506-I/PT
BrandMicrochip
MYR21.59
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
dsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount TQFP 64 3 → 3.6 V 10 x 10 x 1.05mm - -
RS Stock No. 179-3995
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK256MP506-I/MR
BrandMicrochip
MYR21.45
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
dsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V CMOS Surface Mount QFN 64 3.6 (Maximum) V 9 x 9 x 0.95mm - -
RS Stock No. 188-0280
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK64MP105-I/M4
BrandMicrochip
MYR14.90
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
dsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V - Surface Mount UQFN 48 3 → 3.6 V 6 x 6 x 0.55mm - -
RS Stock No. 180-7543
Mfr. Part No.MA330041-2
BrandMicrochip
MYR169.86
Each
units
dsPIC33 - 16bit - - - - Surface Mount TQFP 80 - - - -
RS Stock No. 169-7284
Mfr. Part No.MCIMX6Q5EYM10AC
BrandNXP
MYR427.98
Each (In a Tray of 60)
units
i.MX6 ARM Cortex A9 32bit MPU 1GHz 2.8V - Surface Mount FCPBGA 624 1.5 V 21 x 21 x 2mm - -
RS Stock No. 165-8967
Mfr. Part No.Z8S18033VSG
BrandZilog
MYR62.876
Each (In a Tube of 20)
units
Z180 - 8bit CISC 33MHz - - Surface Mount PLCC 68 3.3 V, 5 V 24.33 x 24.33 x 3.91mm - -
RS Stock No. 168-2814
Mfr. Part No.ATSAMA5D27-SOM1
BrandMicrochip
MYR177.20
Each
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SAMA5D2 ARM Cortex A5 - RISC 500MHz - - Surface Mount Module 176 3.3 V 40.1 x 38.1 x 1.55mm - -
RS Stock No. 188-0152
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK64MP102-I/2N
BrandMicrochip
MYR14.024
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
dsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V - Surface Mount UQFN 28 3 → 3.6 V 6 x 6 x 0.5mm - -
RS Stock No. 175-7178
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP505-I/PT
BrandMicrochip
MYR20.204
Each (In a Tray of 250)
units
dsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount TQFP 48 3 → 3.6 V 7 x 7 x 1.05mm - -
RS Stock No. 200-9795
Mfr. Part No.ATSAMA5D27-WLSOM1
BrandMicrochip
MYR287.19
Each (In a Tray of 12)
units
SAMA5D27 - 32bit ARM 500MHz - - - SiP 188 - - - -
RS Stock No. 180-7542
Mfr. Part No.MA330041-1
BrandMicrochip
MYR169.86
Each
units
dsPIC33 - 16bit - - - - Surface Mount TQFP 80 - - - -
RS Stock No. 187-9383
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK64MP105-I/PT
BrandMicrochip
MYR13.021
Each (In a Tray of 250)
units
dsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V - Surface Mount TQFP 48 3 → 3.6 V 7 x 7 x 1.05mm - -
RS Stock No. 188-0264
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CK64MP103-I/M5
BrandMicrochip
MYR12.212
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
dsPIC - 16bit - 100MHz 3 → 3.6V - Surface Mount UQFN 36 3 → 3.6 V 5 x 5 x 0.55mm - -
RS Stock No. 175-7219
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP506-I/MR
BrandMicrochip
MYR21.37
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
dsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount QFN 64 3 → 3.6 V 9 x 9 x 0.95mm - -
RS Stock No. 175-7196
Mfr. Part No.DSPIC33CH128MP503-I/M5
BrandMicrochip
MYR18.25
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
dsPIC33CH - 16bit DSP, MCU 180 MHz, 200 MHz - CMOS Surface Mount UQFN 36 3 → 3.6 V 5 x 5 x 0.55mm - -